(1) Now, Luther, it is true, thought that transubstantiation as then taught by the Catholic Church referred to some kind of magic.(2) But it seems that his belief is not an act of faith in the same sense that it is an act of faith to belief in the Incarnation, the Trinity, transubstantiation , or the Virgin Birth.(3) But then he talks about the Eucharist and transubstantiation and sounds very serious and almost reverential.(4) For some reason the Roman Catholic belief in transubstantiation came up.(5) According to the ritual of Communion established during the late twelfth century, it is the gesture of elevation that marks the moment of the Eucharist's transubstantiation .(6) Those who had married were bitterly denounced, but their most serious offences were rejecting the supremacy of the pope and denying the doctrine of transubstantiation .(7) In 1562 the Eucharist was discussed, and a doctrine of transubstantiation affirmed against all varieties of Reformation Eucharistic theology.(8) In so doing, transubstantiation - the actual transformation of bread and wine into the body and blood of Jesus Christ - is made possible.(9) The embrace or denial of the doctrine of transubstantiation was the occasion for both killing and dying.(10) In the Roman Catholic church, as I understand it, transubstantiation means that the bread is literally the body of Christ, and the wine is literally the blood of Christ, as you ingest it.(11) Everyone knew the IRA were Catholics, and that little as the average IRA man cared about transubstantiation , Catholicism was a defining part of the terrorists' identity.(12) But this implied that the magisterium has never endorsed Aquinas's theory of transubstantiation - only the two conciliar definitions are Catholic doctrine.(13) I have yet to meet a Catholic who believes in transubstantiation , i.e. that in the mass the bread and wine actually become the body and blood of Christ.(14) Calvin tried to work with a concept of mystical real presence that avoided the empirical absurdities of transubstantiation with regard to the Eucharist.(15) The controversial doctrine of transubstantiation recognised the miraculous transformation of bread and wine into the actual body and blood of Christ during the Eucharist.(16) Fully 85% believe that Jesus is God, 75% accept transubstantiation , and 60% believe that abortion is wrong.